There are some specified foods that one must have before and after workout. It is not because they are healthy, but there is some logic and science behind consumption of each meal. You should always remember your aim for doing workout – lose fats, build muscles, increase your stamina or for being healthy. Your intake of calories, proteins, fats and carbohydrates are of extreme importance in your diet plan. Your pre and post meals should not be mixed because it impacts your workout. Your pre workout food helps in maximising performance and the post workout diet aims at recovering your body.
Your pre workout meal should deplete glycogen in your muscles, reduce breakdown of proteins and also reduce the level of cortisol in your body. There should be a perfect balance of carbohydrates and proteins. You should not have too much fat during workout. You should feel light while working out. You can consider having a cup of milk, almond, apple or banana before working out. 
The meal that have after your workout is very important as your body is in the rebuilding phase. Have both proteins and carbohydrates and little fats to reduce the level of cortisol, supply glycogen to the muscles of your body, supply protein to the muscles and reduce fatigue and stiffness in muscles. You can have a protein shake for proper digestion. Having meals that are rich in fats and protein can make you energetic. The meals that you have pre and post workout is very important. 

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